After a concussion, it is common for many parents and coaches ask when their child/athlete can return to their sport or to recreational activities. However, it is also important to for parents to remember that children are “students” first and “athletes” second.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) developedguidance on when children with a concussion should return to school and learning.
How Concussions Affect Learning
A concussion is an injury that (usually only) temporarily disrupts the normal function the brain. A concussion will usually disrupt a child’s ability to:
- Be efficient at processing and learning new school material
When to Return to School?
The first few days following a concussion, when the brain is still healing, a child may be too symptomatic to attend school. Brain cells repair themselves daily, so the effects of the concussion should lessen and become more tolerable and manageable with time. When this happens, a child is encouraged to go back to school.
Following a concussion, it can be very difficult for a healthcare provider to know exactly when a child is ready to return to school. For example, if a healthcare provider sees a child on a Thursday he or she may or may not be ready to return to school on Monday morning. Therefore, it is important for parents and healthcare providers to watch a child’s symptoms to determine when to return to school.
It is not necessary for a child to be 100% symptom-free before returning to school.
When concussion symptoms have lessened and are tolerable for up to 30 to 45 minutes, a child should return to school. This will usually happen within a few days and certainly within the first week of the concussion. Prolonged absences from school following a concussion is discouraged.
Check with your child’s school to see if your district or school has a policy/procedure in place to help students recovering from a concussion succeed when they return to school. If not, consider working with your child’s school administration to develop such a policy/procedure.
Policy/Procedure statements can include:
- The district’s or school’s commitment to safety
- A brief description of concussion for teachers and suggestions for academic adjustments
- A plan to help students ease back into school life (learning, social activity, etc.)
- Information on when students can safely return to physical activity following a concussion
Returning to School Does Not Mean Returning to Play!
In order to reduce the risk of another brain injury, a child must be removed from the following upon returning to school while recovering from their concussion:
- All school and club sports
- Physical education (PE) class
- Dance class
- All physical play at recess
In addition, teachers should reduce cognitive demands.
Concussion Recovery Time
Most children will recover within 4 weeks of their injury.
Team Effort to Adjust and Heal
Supporting a child recovering from a concussion can benefit from a collaborative, team approach among school professionals, health care professionals, parents, and students.
It is encouraged that the family team (student, parents, guardians, grandparents, siblings, peers, family friends) help to facilitate feedback and information to, from and between the school teams and the medical teams (pediatrician, concussion specialist, neurologist, psychologist, school/team physician).
A school may two teams to help manage concussion:
- Academic team (teacher, counselor, speech-language pathologist, school mental health, school nurse, administrator)
- Physical team (certified athletic trainers, school nurse, coach, PE teacher, playground supervisor)
Before a child can even consider returning to the field or to recreational activities, he must successfully adjust back into the social and academic demands of school.
- Sports-Related Concussion: Understanding the Risks, Signs & Symptoms
- Returning to Learning Following a Concussion (AAP Clinical Report)
- Sport-Related Concussion in Children and Adolescents (AAP Clinical Report)
- Returning to School After a Concussion (PDF)
Last Updated 11/12/2018 Source Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness (Copyright @ 2018 American Academy of Pediatrics) The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.